Good Friday Agreement Parties
In addition to the number of signatories[note 1], Stefan Wolff identifies the following similarities and differences between the themes discussed in the two agreements: At the same time, the February 2020 elections in the Republic of Ireland promise a changing political climate, with unpredictable repercussions on the island. In addition to the defeat of Varadkar`s centrist Fine Gael party, the election saw the dramatic rise of the Republican Sinn Fein, which won the most votes and extended its seats in Parliament from 22 to 37. However, with no party obtaining an absolute majority and the two main centrist parties ruling out entry into a Sinn Fein government, coalition talks should be tense. Given the transitional provisions of the agreement, it is also important to note that the elections to the Assembly took place in July 1998, well before the adoption of the Northern Ireland Act. The multi-party agreement is an agreement between the Uk government, the Irish government and most political parties in Northern Ireland. It defines the support of the signatory parties under the Anglo-Irish agreement and provides the framework for various political institutions. It is divided into three parts: issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, dismantling of weapons, demilitarization, justice and police were at the heart of the agreement. The agreement required the transfer of authority over certain policy areas of the British Parliament to a newly created assembly in Belfast and paved the way for paramilitary groups to give up their weapons and engage in the political process. It has contributed to a sharp decrease in violence and the annual death toll, which peaked at 480 in 1972, has fallen to one figure in recent years. Over time, the largely divided struggle between the SDLP and Sinn Féin on the Catholic, nationalist and UUP side and the DUP on the Protestant and Unionist side became a duel between Sinn Féin and the DUP. The former now has seven seats in the British House of Commons – although it refuses to recognize British sovereignty over Northern Ireland, it does not occupy its seats; The latter has 10 seats and has backed May`s minority government in London, although he has often voted with the hard Brexit group within her divided Conservative party.
The SDLP and the UUP, the parties of Durkan and Nesbitt, are exhausted forces, with no seats at Westminster and about a quarter of the seats in the Northern Ireland Assembly, up from almost half in 1998. In 2010, the Hillsborough Agreement marked a new turning point, in which Sinn Fein and the DUP finally agreed on the conditions for decentralizing police and justice functions, as well as a roadmap for the management of sectarian parades. In the mid-2010s, the political institutions provided for in the Good Friday Agreement generally functioned well, as parties with very divergent views operated together in government. In 2010, the signing of the Hillsborough Agreement enabled the transfer of police and judicial powers to the Northern Ireland Assembly, which began later that year. It also included an agreement on controversial parades that had led to persistent conflicts between communities. 9. The conference will continue to examine the functioning of the new Anglo-Irish agreement and the mechanisms and institutions put in place under the agreement, including a formal review published three years after the agreement came into force.